Early Orientalizing Period

Thanks to the further development of the technique of casting in Orientalizing period, more complicated figurines were produced. Posture of a figure of helmet-maker, sitting with his right knee drawn up and concentrating on the helmet in front of him, is quite a new, although the detail is not marked (New York42.11.42). The subject shows that it was dedicated by the craftsman.

Some mythological groups were also manufactured. A hero fighting with a centaur plunges a sword into the monster's flank (New York17.190.2072). The forelegs of the centaur is not horse, popular in Archaic art except for Chiron, but human. They are possibly Herakles and Nessos. Other group representing a hunter attacking a lion seems heroic too (Once Samos).

A figure obviously representing a god first appears in this period. It is a statuette of Apollo from Thebes (Boston3.997), an inscription on his thigh says "Mantiklos offers me as a tithe to Apollo of silver bow; do you, Phoibos, give some pleasing favour in return." The figure has elongated proportion, especially the neck is as long as the head. Although the right arm and the legs are lost, he had held something, probably a bow, in his left hand.

Other than these cast figurines, some bronze statuettes were made by bronze sheets covered over the wooden cores. This technique is used for gold figures. Two female and a male figurines of this technique from Dreros were stood on the corner basis of the temple of Apollo (Herakleion2445-2447). The proportion is more plausible than the statuette from Thebes.

Stone figures began to be produced in this period, although the manufacture was far from prosperous. Besides a limestone head, a limestone relief was found from Crete representing a goddess standing in front of a temple or a gate, protected by pairs of archers who attacking a chariot from right (Chania92).

Five ivory figures of girls, dated about 730 B.C., were excavated from Athens (Athens776). These were not free-standing figure, but served as handles. The proportion is close to the figures from Dreros.

J.Boardman "Greek Sculpture: the Archaic Period"(1991) pp.11-12