3 - 2 - 1 South Italian and Sicilian Pottery

@After conquering Corinthian pottery in the first half of the sixth century, Athenian pottery occupied the market of painted pottery over a century. In the later half of the fifth century, however, Greek colonies in South Italy and Sicily started the production of red figure pottery [1]. It is generally accepted that during the Peloponnesian War many Athenian potters and painters moved to there and opened new workshops[2].

After the rise of South Italian and Sicilian workshops, Athenian workshops lost the market in the west and needed to find new market at the Black Sea area. Workshops in Italy were opened at Lucania, Apulia, Campania, Paestum and Sicily, though after the mid fourth century Apulian workshops became more influential to other regions.

[1] For South Italian and Sicilian pottery, see, Trendall, A. D., South Italian vase-painting, (1966), Trendall, A. D., The red-figure vases of Southern Italy and Sicily, (1989), Mayo, M. E., The art of South Italy: vases from Magna Graecia.
[2] For the problem of emigration of Athenian potters and painters to Italy, see, MacDonald, B. R., "The emigration of potter from Athens in the late fifth century B.C. and its effect on the Attic pottery industry", AJA 85, pp.159-168.