2 - 5 Lakonian Pottery

@In Lakonian region including Sparta, they still produced Geometric pottery when Corinthian workshops introduced Orientalizing style. After they abandaned the old style, Corinthain style influenced on Lakonian pottery. In the period when Corinthain pottery became mannered while Athanian pottery had not occupied pottery market, however, they produced unique painted pottery [1]. Although the period was short, the mid sixth century, and not so many vessels were produced, their vases reached to East Greek, North Africa and Massilia (Marseilles) [2].

Although some larger vessels such as hydriai are also preserved, cups similar to Athenian little master cups are the most common shape. The colour is similar to that of Corinthain clay and figures are drawn as silhouette of mat black. Details are drawn with engraved lines and added purple is often used. Figures are only depicted within tondo, which is divied by a line at the 3/4 to create ground line. Exterior is filled with many friezes of lotus, meander and ray patterns.

Most famous Lakonian cup is in Paris, Cabinet des Medailles. The seated figure on the left within the tondo has the name, Arkesilaos, who is probably Arkesilaos II, the king of Kylene, north Africa. The scene is generally interpreted as the king supervising the export of silphion, the most common product of Kylene.

Karydonain Boar Hunt is depicted on a smaller cup in Paris, Louvre. The painter only showed the hind-quareter of the boar and the circular composition croped from larger scene is named as port-hole. This Lakonian Pottery only flourished during several decades of the mid sixth century.

[1] For Lakonian black figure pottery, see, Lane, A. E., "Lakonian vase-painting", BSA 34, pp.99-189, Stibbe, C. M., Lakonische Vasenmalerei des sechsten Jahrhunderts v. Chr., (1972), Stibbe, C. M., Laconian Mixing Bowls, (1989), Stibbe, C. M., Lakonian Drinking vessels and other open shapes, (1994), Pipili, M., Laconian iconography of the sixth century B. C., (1987).
[2] For Lakonian pottery from Kylene, see, Schaus, G., The extramural sanctuary of demeter and persephone at cyrene, libya, vol2: the east greek, island and laconian pottery, (1985).