2 - 1 - 4 Chian Wild Goat Style

During the excavations at Naukratis, North Africa, in the end of the 19th century, many vases with similar styles and they were naturally thought as the local product. Excavations at Chios, however, produced similar vessels, as well as the vases with older styles, and these vessels are attributed to Chian workshops [1].

Chian workshops, who still produced vessels with Sub-Geometric style, introduced wild goat style when South Ionain workshops turned into the middle wild goat style II.The characteristics of their pottery is white slip covering whole surface of the vases.

Although the earlierst painters have a style similar to that of South Ionia, they gradually developed their own style. Filling ornaments look heavier and roughly arranged. Other than South Ionain patterns, they also introduced new patterns (fig.1-2). Meander and cable patterns are common patterns for friezes and the latter is slenderer than that of South Ionia.



The most obvious difference from South Ionian pottery is the shape. Their favourite shape is the chalice, a deep cup with a foot and two horizontal handles. They occasionally made dinoi and oinochoai.

The style changed at around 600 and developed into the Animal Chalice style. The shape become slender and animal figures are arranged within friezes, instead of interrupted by floral patterns as on earlier vases. Traditional wild goats, water birds and hounds become rarer while lions, sphinxes, bulls and boars become popular and even human figures are occasionally introduced. Added purple was used for the figures to give some accent. Interior is covered with black and floral patterns such as of palmette and lotus are painted with white and purple. Other than chalices, they occasionally made phialai, kantharoi and hydriai.

Following the animal chalice style, they developed Chalice style. They no more used filling ornament and painted only a figure, such as a lion, on one side while the other side has a floral pattern or no decoration. Sometimes human figures are painted and the style is similar to later Grand style. Below the main picture generally has a thunderbold-like pattern.

These vases are found from East Greek regions, as well as from Aigina, while no example is known from the mainland. They are also found from the Black Sea regions, such as Olbia and from North Aflica, such as Naukratis. Even from Taranto, Catania, Marseilles and Ampourias small numbers of vases are excavated.

[1] For the excavations at Emporio, Chios, see, Boardman,J., Greek Emporio (1967). For Chian wild goat style and black figure pottery, see, Lemos,A.A., Archaic pottery of Chios: the decorated styles, (1991).
[2] For the pottery from Aigina, see, Williams, D. J. R., "Aigina.Aphaia-Tempel v: the pottery from Chios", AA 1983, pp.155-186