2 - 1 - 1 East Greek Pottery

@Painted pottery was produced in many regions of East Greece, such as North and South Ionia, Aioris, Samos and Chios[1]. Painted pottery was also prodced by Cycladic workshops, such as Melian, Theran, Naxian and Parian workshops. Although each of them has its own style, some basic elements are shared by them. Compared with Corinthian pottery, they rarely used engraved lines and generally used outline technique. The figures on their vessels are freer in the posture and composition and more elegant. This can be compared with the difference between Ionic and Dorian styles of architecture and sculpture.

A Melian Krater in Athens, dated to c.660-650, has a winged chariot driven by Apollon with his sister Artemis. Figures are depicted with outline technique and Artemis is wearing a clothes with detailed patterns. The background is filled with patterns such as palmette and rosette.

So called the wild goat style is different from Cycladic style. This style was probably introduced in South Ionia and followed by East Greek workshops. Their pottery generally has animal figures, such as gild goats, lions, hounds, hares and water birds, as well as monsters, such as griffins and sphinxes. Figures are depicted with outline technique and the background is filled with various patterns.

Although most of the vases have animal figures, some later examples have mythological scenes. A dish in the British Museum has the battle between Menelaos and Hektor over the body of Euphorbos. South Ionian workshops abandoned the wild goat style and introduced Fikellura style. They preferred to depict human figures such as Komasts, or revellers, instead of animals, though they still retained outline technique.

North Ionian workshops, on the other hand, introduced black figure technique and the pottery is named as Klazomenian. Attic little master style was also copied, maybe at Samos and on a kylix in the Louvre dated to c.550 has a man surrounded by the branches of two trees. Although this painter still uses outline technique, his followers introduced black figure technique, generally more detailed that that of Athenian black figure.

[1] For East Greek Pottery, see, Cook,R.M. East Greek Pottery (1997), Boardman,J. Early Greek vase painting (1998) pp.141-176, Cook,R.M. "The wild goat and Fikellura styles: some speculations" OJA 11 (1992) pp.255-266.
For the Wild Goat Style, see, Schiering,W. Werkstätten orientalisierender Keramik auf Rhodos (1957), Kardara,Ch. Rodiaki Angeiographia (1963).